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The Turkish Bath Culture

For centuries Turkish hammam continues to exist as one of the major components of the Ottoman and Turkish hammam culture with its pestemal, rubber, large and bright dome and unique architectural beauty.
Hammam that was built with the purpose of the water use for health is not only a cleaning place for Turks. Turkish hammam is also health and entertainment center where people having social activities.

Turkish hammam is the home of the tradition of physical and spiritual purification. The body and skin is cleaned and they are purified from toxins, the blood circulation increases, immune system is stimulated so that the physical and mental system is supported with Turkish bath.
With these features, Turkish hammam is also center of attraction for the people from other countries who visited Turkey.

History of hammam and architecture of the Turkish Hammam is the special branche of science and art to be examined as meticulously. The Haseki Hurrem Turkish Hammam, The Tiled Turkish Bath, The Cemberlitas Istanbul Hammam, The Cagaloglu Turkish Hammam, The Kilic Ali Pasha Istanbul Hammam, The Galatasaray Istanbul Hammam, Grand Hammam and The Suleymaniye Hammam -which have been restored in accordance with the original buildings-, are the most beautiful examples of the construction of large domed Turkish hammam. At the same time these are the best Istanbul Hammams.

There are number of accessories that specific to the Istanbul Turkish bath and are still used in. The bath gloves that made of palm root and the Turkish work of pestemals are the most indispensables of them.  Also the pumice stone which, used to rub the feet is always available in the hammam package. Inlaid copper, silver or brass bath bowl is one of the most beautiful examples of handwork.
Turkish Bath

Istanbul Hammam Guide
and Turkish Bath

You can find the answers of your questions in this site, such as; which are the best Istanbul hammams, how to use, how to have good time in Turkish hammam, what are the effects of the Turkish Bath to the health and the like.
Customary usage of Turkish hammam;
Hammams in Turkey are open from very early times in the morning until late at nights.

The time of stay in the Turkish Hammam is not limited. Customers can stay in the Turkish bath as long as they want.
People, after undressing in the small cells at the entrance of hammam, pass to the hot room for taking Turkish bath.
The keeper of Turkish hammam asks to the customers if they want to have a massage or bath glove. Usually the correct procedure is to have both of them. However, only the massage or just the bath glove may be asked to. If massage and bath glove is asked to, after the process of sweating for half an hour, rubber comes and begins to wash the customer.
Dry pestemals are given to the customers who wish to enter the sauna after the bath.
Also spread a dry peshtemal is necessary to lie on the heated marble slab (gobek tashi). The keeper of Turkish hammam may be asked to pumice for rubbing the feet.

The Turkish Bath temperature varies between 35-45 centigrade degrees according to the season. As for the temperature of sauna, it is between 55-60 centigrade degrees. Firstly rubbers wash their customers and then rub them with the help of a thick bath glove and they wash them again.
Lastly, depending on the customer's request, rubber lets the customer to lie on the heated marble slab. Then, begin to massage with his/her skillful hands. This is the world-famous

Turkish massage.
Turkish massage is done after relaxation of the muscles with the hot and moisture.
The relaxing effect of it is as strong as incomparable with any other massage.

After ending the operations of bathing, rubbing, massage and sauna, the customer passes to the cool room (sogukluk) by wrapping the dry pestemal that given by rubber.
There is an attendant in waiting to change the pestemals and the towels on the customer. Pestemal and towels are changed by this staff and then customer goes to the rest room.
Here, customers sip of the delicious drinks that served to them while resting by sitting on the sofa.
Hair dryer exists in the hammam. Single-use soaps are given to the customers. But those who want to bring their own cleaning materials are allowed.

Turkish Bath form Fidel Gudin

The Architectural Characteristics
of Great Domed Turkish Hammam

For centuries Turkish bath continues to exist as one of the major components of the Ottoman and Turkish culture.
Historical Turkish hammams that surrounded by embroidered walls on all sides are architectural wonders.
Turkish Hammam is of great importance in terms of art and architecture. The Turkish Bath has the same architectural features of the mosque. The architectural style of Turkish hammam has not changed for thousands of years. Some of the architectural features of Roman Bath also continued during the Ottoman period. The hot room of the Turkish hammam (sicaklik) was built on bricks in both periods. About Turkish Hammam architectures

What are the effects of The Turkish Hammam
to the health?

Turkish bath is the place that should be used for health;
Turkish hammam is the home of the tradition of physical and spiritual purification. The body and skin are cleaned and they are purified from toxins, the blood circulation increases, immune system is stimulated so that the physical and mental system is supported with hammam. There are two types of Turkish baths in terms of the water used in. These are Turkish baths that working with artificial heating water and the spas that working with natural hot water.
The healing hot spring water contains sulfur and salt. That's why thermal spas are used in the treatment of rheumatic diseases, skin diseases and nervous breakdown.
Read about Turkish bath and health
Turkish Hammam Scene
Turkish Bath Dome Turkish Hammam Scene Turkish Bath Turkish Bath Accessories Turkish Hammam and Turkish Coffee
Elephant Eyes

The domes of bathing places are decorated with circular or star-shaped windows. These windows that called as elephant eye, allow the light to enter at any time of the day. More about Turkish bath architectures
Turkish Bath from the eyes of Western painters

The pictures of the Turkish Hammams have been painted by the Western painters because of the ban of painting in the Islamic religion.
Read Turkish hammam paints
Haseki Hurrem Istanbul Hammam

It has been built in 1556 by Mimar Sinan. This wonderful building is seventy-five meters of horizontal lenght.
The magnificent domes of the building are covering the top of entrance and the changing places. Male and female sections of the bath are located in back to back. More best Istanbul hammams
Turkish Bath Accessories

There are number of accessories that specific to the Turkish bath and are still used in. The Turkish bath gloves that made of palm root and the Turkish work of pestemals are the most indispensables of them.  Also the pumice stone which, used to rub the feet is always available in the Turkish Hammam package.
About The Turkish Bath Accessories
Turkish Bath Specialties

Women's hammam visits were more multitudinous then men's. Special drinks and meals such as Turkish Coffee, pickle and boza were being offered to the customers in the Turkish Hammam. Read more about Turkish Bath Delight
History of Turkish Hammam

Turkish Bath have attracted the attention of Europeans and Americans beginning from the sixteenth century, through the expressions of the voyagers who had visited to Turkey. The attention to Turkish Hammam still continues intensely. The first visiting place is the Turkish Bath for tourists that come to Turkey. Read more about past to present Turkish hammam

Turkish Hammam Interior
BEST ISTANBUL HAMMAMS
Turkish Hammam Dome The Cemberlitas Hammam;
It had built by Nurbanu Sultan (the mother of Sultan Murad III) in 1584. This elegant structure shows that it is the work of Mimar Sinan. The six-line inscription at the entrance of the bathhouse has remained with the original version.
About best
Istanbul hammams
Turkish Hammam Entry The Cagaloglu Hammam;
It was built in 1741 by Sultan I. Mahmoud with the aim of bringing in revenue to Hagia Sophia Mosque.
The Cagaloglu Hammam which, located in the Sultanahmet district is one of the biggest Turkish Hammam of Istanbul that was built lastly.
All the architectural beauty of the structure has been kept until today. Read about best
Istanbul hammams
Turkish Hammam View The Suleymaniye Hammam;
It has been built in 1577 by Mimar Sinan together with The Suleymaniye Kulliye (a complex of buildings adjacent to a mosque). The Hammam in Beyazit is the work of Mimar Sinan’s master builder period.
This work reflects the genius of Mimar Sinan.
It attracts attention with its beauty and wideness. About best Istanbul hammams
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